Posts Tagged ‘Paul de Kruif’

Books and publications about Kaiser Permanente history

posted on March 23, 2015

Lincoln Cushing
Heritage writer


If you are interested in learning more about the history of Kaiser Permanente, the books listed here are all good resources. With the exception of The Story of Dr. Sidney R. Garfield and Permanente in the Northwest, these books are out of print, but copies can often been located through libraries and mainstream used booksellers, such as AbeBooks (external), Alibris (external), Barnes and Noble (external), Half Price Books (external) or Powell’s Books (external).


In Print

The Story of Dr. Sidney R. Garfield: The Visionary Who Turned Sick Care Into Health Care
Tom Debley with Jon Stewart

The first biography of Dr. Garfield tells the story of his long and eventful career, during which he turned his 1930s Mojave Desert industrial health care dream into a thriving and enduring reality that continues to offer a practical model for the future of American health care.

The Permanente Press, 2009, 148 pages

Available from The Permanente Press (external)


permanenteinthenorthwestPermanente in the Northwest
Ian C. MacMillan

This book fills a large gap in the history of Kaiser Permanente – the unique contribution made by the Northwest region, especially in the early years. The author, retired Northwest internist Ian C. MacMillan, demonstrates an insider’s insight and enviable access to details that thoroughly enrich this account.

The Permanente Press, 2010, 313 pages

Available from The Permanente Press (external)

BuildEmBuild ‘Em by the Mile, Cut ‘Em off by the Yard: How Henry J. Kaiser and the Rosies Helped Win World War
Steve Gilford

A good overview of the World War II Home Front experience in the Kaiser Richmond shipyards. The book is written for the general reader and includes many personal anecdotes about Home Front life.

Richmond Museum of History, 252 pages, 2011


Out of Print

A Model for National Health Care: The History of Kaiser Permanente
Rickey Hendricks

This extensively researched book is the definitive academic history of Kaiser Permanente that tells the story of its growth and impact on American health care.

Rutgers University Press, 1993, 265 pages

Embattled Dreams: California in War and Peace, 1940-1950
Kevin Starr

Part of an extensive history of California series, this book includes discussion of Henry J. Kaiser, his wartime industrial efforts, and the founding of Kaiser Permanente.

Oxford University Press, 2002, 386 pages

Henry J. Kaiser: Builder in the Modern American West
Mark Foster

In this academic biography, historian Foster offers the definitive balanced view of Kaiser, covering his mistakes as well as his colossal strengths and successes.

University of Texas Press, 1991, 358 pages

Henry Kaiser, Western Colossus
Albert Heiner

This very readable biography is by a former Kaiser Steel executive who was an eyewitness to much of Henry Kaiser’s career.

Halo Books, 1989, 434 pages

Kaiser Wakes the Doctors
Paul De Kruif

This book by America’s foremost medical writer of the era was the first ever written about the revolutionary medical care available in the Kaiser World War II shipyards.

Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1943, 158 pages

Kaiser Permanente Health Plan: Why It Works
Greer Williams

The author was commissioned to investigate Kaiser Permanente to assess “what it is, how it works, and whether it is good or bad.”

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 1971, 92 pages

Can Physicians Control the Quality and Costs of Health Care? The Story of The Permanente Medical Group
John G. Smillie, MD

Smillie, an early Northern California Permanente physician, offers an insider’s view of the beginnings of the Kaiser Permanente medical care program.

McGraw Hill, 1991, 283 pages

The Kaiser Story

When Henry J. Kaiser passed away in 1967, Kaiser Industries published this short book as a tribute to the company’s founder.

Kaiser Industries, 1968, 72 pages

Life Among the Doctors
Paul de Kruif

A collection of essays on people the author regarded as pioneers in medicine, including: Sidney Garfield, MD, in a section titled “The Last Maverick;” Edna Schrick, MD, whom de Kruif quotes as suggesting to Dr. Garfield that “we learn how to teach the well to take care of themselves…to keep away from doctors”; and Herman Kabat, MD, who founded the Kabat-Kaiser Institute, now the Kaiser Foundation Rehabilitation Center in Vallejo.

Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1949, 470 pages

Mr. Kaiser Goes to Washington: The Rise of a Government Entrepreneur
Stephen B. Adams

Historian Adams offers Kaiser’s story as a case study of “government entrepreneurship.” He explores the symbiotic relations forged by Kaiser and President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The University of North Carolina Press, 1997, 239 pages

The Rich Neighbor Policy: Rockefeller and Kaiser in Brazil
Elizabeth A. Cobbs

Cobbs details how Henry Kaiser’s participation in the Brazilian auto industry impacted U.S. foreign relations and how postwar businessmen sought accommodation with Latin American nationalism by evolving a code of ‘corporate social responsibility.’

Yale University Press, 1992, 273 pages

Historical Review of the Southern California Permanente Medical Group: Its Role in the Development of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program in Southern California
Raymond M. Kay, MD

A history of the SCPMG written by Dr. Raymond Kay, who was Sidney Garfield’s close friend, a pioneer of the Permanente Medical Groups, and the founder of the Southern California Permanente Medical Group.

SCPMG, 1979, 174 pages


Other Publications

Kaiser Permanente: A Short History
Gerry Gaintner

Gerry Gaintner, EdD, was a Kaiser Permanente employee for 15 years, all in the Information Technology department. He wrote this concise history in 2010, and upon his retirement, gifted it to KP Heritage Resources.

Unpublished, 2011, 42 pages
Available for download (pdf)

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A Design to Match the Miracles

posted on March 23, 2010

by Bryan Culp

I recently attended a reception to celebrate the opening of the new Kaiser Foundation Research Center (KFRC) Hospital in Vallejo, California.  This hospital is Kaiser Permanente’s National Center of Excellence for people with disabilities, and it offers unique care to patients recovering from trauma, stroke, neuromuscular and orthopedic diseases.

“Many will rise and walk,” I remembered as I entered the new therapeutic gym, which is the at the heart of this facility because every new patient aspires first to return to mobility. The memorable phrase, evocative of miracle stories, was the title given to an article penned by science writer Paul de Kruif, who described for readers of Reader’s Digest in 1946 Dr. Herman Kabat’s experimental treatments for the disabling effects of polio.  Kabat offered a glimmer of hope to many afflicted with polio and neuromuscular diseases, Henry Kaiser, Jr., being one of them.

I walked from the gym into the open air of the roof-top terrace where patients on the path to mobility learn the pavement surfaces, curbs and cutouts a pedestrian encounters in daily routines.  I admired the recently installed, vintage 1953 Kaiser Manhattan in which patients learn how to transfer from a wheelchair to a car and how to maneuver in the confined space of an automobile. 

That's Tom Debley, Director of Heritage Resources, with the 1953 Kaiser Manhattan transfer vehicle.

For years the hospital had used a nondescript Chevrolet for this purpose.  But when the new hospital was in the design phase, the planners consulted with Heritage Resources with the idea to build-in to the new facility signature artifacts.  The Kaiser Manhattan was an ideal choice for a transfer vehicle.  The center’s therapists knew its heft and spaciousness offered real advantages, and true to history, the marquee had once served in this capacity in the hospital’s founding era. This particular example, with 76,000 miles on the odometer, was located in Arizona bearing a California heritage plate that read, “Henry.” After battery and oil were removed for safety, and adjustable seats were installed to aid patient training, the car was lifted into place on the roof terrace.

I can say confidently, having seen this new hospital close-up, that the mirror-like chrome on the magnificent Manhattan reflects more than past glory.  It reflects this stunning and entirely new facility that speaks to every patient, past and present, in so many words saying:  “We believe in you!”

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